Individuals generally experience three kinds of back and neck pain. They include the upper body, the mid back (thoracic region) and the lower body pain. The upper body pain include occurs in neck, upper back, shoulders and arms. This is generally muscle related and could be because of muscle strain, degenerative tissues or a herniated disc. Mid back pain could be caused due muscle strain, a ruptured or herniated disc. The lower body pain includes the low back, gluteal muscles, hips and legs. This could be because of muscle strain, degenerative tissues, a herniated disc, sacroiliac joint disease, arthritis of the facet joint or a fracture in the lumbar vertebrae. All of these conditions are treated for under the Chronic neck and back pain treatments in Manipal Hospitals.
People experience back pain generally either in the upper back, mid-back or the lower back region. Back Pain usually occurs due to straining of the muscles, degenerative tissues, herniated disc, sacroiliac joint disease, arthritis, fracture in the lumbar vertebrae and other factors. If the pain exists for a prolonged period of time, spreads to the arms or legs, or the patient experiences weakness in the limbs, the person should immediately consult a back & neck pain specialist.
Treatment options for back pain depend on the specific condition and include addressing the underlying issue and physical therapy. There are some conservative treatment options that people can use in order to get relief and help regain mobility. For example, some treatments for a condition called Sciatica include strength-building exercises focusing on the core muscles of the body, stretching exercises in order to improve flexibility and relieve the pressure on the lower spine, walking, aerobic exercises, physical therapy to help regain motion and intake of non-steroidal, anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen to reduce any inflammation, and many others.
There has been an increase in the number of people suffering from neck pain, thanks to the poor posture while using laptops, computers and smartphones. The measures for neck pain relief include simple, short-term treatments such as RICE (Rest, Ice, Compression and Elevation) to long-term therapies such as massage, various neck exercises to strengthen the muscles in the neck and following certain lifestyle habits like drinking adequate amounts of water.
Some other tips to maintain a healthy spine include maintaining a good posture, sleeping sideways, using proper techniques while lifting weights, not being stationary for long periods of time, following a healthy diet and maintaining a healthy body weight.