Back pain is a common disorder and affects all age groups, from young to old age groups. It lowers the quality of life and increases your discomfort. Spinal disorders or injuries are treated through a multidisciplinary approach involving medical therapy, physical therapy, and occupational rehabilitation. Treatment is intended to relieve your pain, reduce inflammation, decrease stiffness and increase flexibility and mobility of your muscles. Read the following article to learn how you can heal your back:

Medical therapy

The primary goal of the treatment is to reduce pain and inflammation in your spine. Medical therapy is usually combined with physical therapy for management of the disease.

  • Non steroidal anti inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS): Drugs like aspirin, naproxen sodium, and ibuprofen are commonly used as pain relievers and also reduce inflammation.
  • Acetaminophen: It has strong pain relieving effect and is frequently prescribed for musculoskeletal pain. It acts by reducing perception of pain.
  • Corticosteroids have potent anti-inflammatory properties and reduce pain and inflammation. They are used for a short duration of time and are gradually tapered with time.
  • Narcotics: Opioids like hydrocodone, are strong pain relievers and act by interfering with pain signals to the brain.
  • Muscle relaxants: They have sedative and musculorelaxant properties. Drugs such as baclofen, reduce pain, stiffness and increase mobility of the muscles.
  • Anti-depressants: They include drugs like amitriptyline, have analgesic effects and help in reducing your pain.
  • Anti-epileptics: Drugs like gabapentin and pregabalin, help in healing the damaged nerves due to injury or nerve compression and alleviate the pain.
  • Epidural injections: Epidural steroid injections are prescribed for low back pain and sciatica. Medication is injected directly or closely to the point of injury. They reduce pain and inflammation in your spine.