Back pain is a common disorder and affects all age groups, from young to old age groups. It lowers the quality of life and increases your discomfort. Spinal injuries are treated through a multidisciplinary approach involving medical therapy, physical therapy, and occupational rehabilitation. Treatment is intended to relieve your pain, reduce inflammation, decrease stiffness and increase flexibility and mobility of your muscles. Read the following article to learn how you can heal your back:

Medical therapy

The primary goal of the treatment is to reduce pain and inflammation in your spine. Medical therapy is usually combined with physical therapy for management of the disease.

  • Non steroidal anti inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS): Drugs like aspirin, naproxen sodium, and ibuprofen are commonly used as pain relievers and also reduce inflammation.
  • Acetaminophen: It has strong pain relieving effect and is frequently prescribed for musculoskeletal pain. It acts by reducing perception of pain.
  • Corticosteroids have potent anti-inflammatory properties and reduce pain and inflammation. They are used for a short duration of time and are gradually tapered with time.
  • Narcotics: Opioids like hydrocodone, are strong pain relievers and act by interfering with pain signals to the brain.
  • Muscle relaxants: They have sedative and musculorelaxant properties. Drugs such as baclofen, reduce pain, stiffness and increase mobility of the muscles.
  • Anti-depressants: They include drugs like amitriptyline, have analgesic effects and help in reducing your pain.
  • Anti-epileptics: Drugs like gabapentin and pregabalin, help in healing the damaged nerves due to injury or nerve compression and alleviate the pain.
  • Epidural injections: Epidural steroid injections are prescribed for low back pain and sciatica. Medication is injected directly or closely to the point of injury. They reduce pain and inflammation in your spine.
    • Back Pain is an extremely common condition that affects nearly everyone at least once in their lifetime. The lower back, or the lumbar region, supports the weight of the upper body and provides mobility for everyday activities such as bending and walking. Lower back pain usually results from injury to the muscles, ligaments, joints or the discs of the vertebral column.

      Lower back pain can present itself in various ways, such as a dull pain, stinging pain extending from the lower back to the backs of the thighs (sciatica), muscle spasms, difficulty in standing up etc. The usual causes of spine pain are:

      • Muscle Strain: Repetitive lifting of heavy loads and sudden, awkward movements can strain the muscles in the back and cause pain in the spine.
      • Ruptured Discs: The soft cushion material between the vertebrae may be bulged or ruptured.
      • Osteoporosis: If the bones in the spine become weak, it may result in compression fractures.
      • Arthritis: If the cartilage between the bones in the lower back wears down, the friction between the vertebrae can result in lower back pain.
      • Sports: High impact sports like running, football and volleyball can result in lower back pain. Some common symptoms of spine pain are:
      • Dull, aching pain in the lower back
      • Worsening pain due to prolonged sitting
      • Pain that worsens after waking up and gets better after moving around
      • Intermittent pain which worsens over time
      Manipal Hospitals is a reputable hospital for treating back pain, thanks to its expert faculty and cutting edge infrastructure and equipments. Patients visiting our hospital for treatments for back pain may be prescribed nonsurgical or surgical treatments, or a combination of the two. Common non-surgical treatments include muscle relaxants, narcotic pain medications, back braces and epidural steroid injections. Patients visiting our hospital for severe back pain may be advised surgery if non-surgical treatments have proven to be ineffective. There are two types of surgery for lower back pain:
      • Lumbar Decompression: This is done to relieve pain caused due to nerve root pinching, which is also known as sciatica or radiculopathy.
      • Lumbar fusion: This is performed to relieve pain at a painful vertebral segment, usually in response to conditions such as spondylolisthesis.