A medical condition in which a person's spine has a sideways curve is known as scoliosis. The curve is generally 's' or 'c' shaped. In some, the level of the bend is steady, while in others it increments after some time. Gentle scoliosis does not normally cause issues, while extreme cases can affect breathing. Scoliosis is believed to be caused due to a combination of genetic and environmental factors. It can likewise happen because of another condition, for example, muscles fits, cerebral paralysis, Marfan disorder, and tumours, for example, neurofibromatosis. When the curve is fixed scoliosis can be termed as structural and when the underlying spine is normal it can be termed as functional.

At the point when a man has scoliosis, his spine bends to the side. The edge of the bend might be little, huge or some place in the middle. In any case, anything that measures more than 10 degrees is considered scoliosis. Specialists may utilize the letters "C" and "S" to depict the bend of the spine. People who are suffering may lean a little or have shoulders or hips that look uneven.

In more than 80% of cases, specialists don't locate the correct explanation behind a bent spine. A few sorts of scoliosis do have clear causes. Specialists partition those bends into two sorts – structural and non-structural.

In non-structural scoliosis, the spine works ordinarily, however, looks bent. Why does this happen? There are various reasons, for example, one leg's in effect longer than the other, muscle fits, and aggravations like an infected appendix. At the point when these issues are dealt with, this kind of scoliosis regularly leaves.

In structural scoliosis, the bend of the spine is inflexible and can't be turned around.

Causes include:

  • Cerebral palsy
  • Muscular dystrophy
  • Birth defects
  • Infections
  • Tumors
  • Genetic conditions like Marfan syndrome and Down syndromeli>