Spinal surgeries are traditionally open surgeries i.e., operating the injured area by opening it with a long incision. This allows the surgeons to view and access the anatomy in order to easily treat the injury. Now with the help of advanced technologies, surgeons can treat more back and neck injuries with minimally invasive surgical techniques.
The Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery – also known as the less invasive spine surgery – is a kind of surgery that doesn’t involve a long incision. This surgery can help avoid significant damage to the area surrounding the spine. Minimally invasive spine surgery results faster recovery and less post- surgical pain. It is mainly recommended when a non-surgical treatment – such as physical therapy and medications – failed to provide relief from the painful symptoms caused by a spinal problem. However, a doctor can only recommend the minimally invasive spine surgery when he/she can pinpoint the exact source of pain.
In a traditional open surgery, a surgeon makes an incision of 5-6 inches and slowly moves the muscles to see the spine. This helps the doctor to easily remove the disease and damaged bones or intervertebral disks. However, there are many drawbacks of open surgery. One of the major drawbacks is that the pulling of muscles can cause damage to the soft tissues.
In minimal invasive spine surgery, surgeons use specialised instruments to access the spine through small incision. It also helps the surgeon to see only where the problem exists in the spine. It was developed to treat a spine injury without affecting muscles and other normal structures in the spine. Other advantages of minimal invasive spine surgery include less bleeding, smaller incisions, shorter stays in the hospitals.